<acronym id="xonnx"></acronym>
      <td id="xonnx"></td>
    1. <pre id="xonnx"></pre>

      1. 專注電子技術學習與研究
        當前位置:單片機教程網 >> Arduino >> 瀏覽文章

        Arduino驅動NOKIA5110超聲波測距

        作者:未知   來源:不詳   點擊數:  更新時間:2014年07月31日   【字體:

         

        /
        // nokia 5110 arduino驅動程序(中文,圖形顯示。超聲波測距)
        // 版本1.1
        // 2010.6
        /
        
        //端口定義
        
        int lcd_ce=2;
        int lcd_rst=3;
        int sclk=4;
        int sdin=5;
        int lcd_dc=6;
        int inputpin=8;  // 定義超聲波信號接收接口
        int outputpin=9; // 定義超聲波信號發出接口
        
        void setup()
        {
          pinmode(inputpin, input);
          pinmode(outputpin, output);
        }
        //
        
        unsigned char boy_bmp[]=
        {
        
        
        0xff,0x01,0x81,0xc1,0xf1,0xf9,0xf9,0xfd,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,
        0xff,0xfd,0xf9,0xf1,0xe1,0x81,0x01,0xff,0xff,0x00,0x1f,0x7f,0xff,0x3f,0x27,0x27,
        0x27,0x27,0x3f,0x17,0x3f,0x27,0x27,0x27,0x27,0x3f,0xff,0x3f,0x1f,0x0f,0x00,0xff,
        0xff,0xf0,0xfc,0xfc,0xfe,0xff,0xfe,0xfc,0xec,0xf8,0xfa,0x5a,0xfa,0xf8,0xec,0xfc,
        0xfe,0xff,0xfe,0xfe,0xfc,0xf8,0xf0,0xff,
        
        };
        
        //
        
        
        const unsigned char hzk[][24]={ 
        //深
        {0x08,0xf1,0x1a,0x40,0x56,0xca,0x46,0xf2,0xc6,0x4a,0x56,0x00,0x01,0x07,0x00,0x02,0x01,0x00,0x00,0x07,0x00,0x01,0x02,0x00,}, 
        //入 
        {0x00,0x00,0x00,0xc1,0x31,0x0e,0x30,0xc0,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x04,0x02,0x01,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x01,0x02,0x04,0x00,}, 
        //互 
        {0x02,0x02,0x82,0xfe,0x8a,0x8a,0x8a,0xfa,0x02,0x03,0x02,0x00,0x04,0x04,0x04,0x04,0x04,0x04,0x04,0x07,0x04,0x04,0x04,0x00,}, 
        //動
        {0x92,0x52,0x32,0x52,0x92,0x10,0x08,0xff,0x08,0x08,0xf8,0x00,0x03,0x01,0x01,0x01,0x05,0x02,0x01,0x04,0x04,0x06,0x01,0x00,},
        //科
        {0x8a,0x6a,0xfe,0x29,0x49,0x80,0x92,0xa4,0x80,0xff,0x40,0x00,0x01,0x00,0x07,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x07,0x00,0x00,},
        //技
        {0x44,0x44,0xff,0x24,0x00,0x64,0xa4,0x3f,0xa4,0x64,0x04,0x00,0x04,0x04,0x07,0x00,0x04,0x04,0x02,0x01,0x02,0x04,0x04,0x00,},
        }; 
        //
        
         
        const unsigned char font6x8[][6] = 
        { 
            { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00 },   // sp 
            { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x2f, 0x00, 0x00 },   // ! 
            { 0x00, 0x00, 0x07, 0x00, 0x07, 0x00 },   // " 
            { 0x00, 0x14, 0x7f, 0x14, 0x7f, 0x14 },   // # 
            { 0x00, 0x24, 0x2a, 0x7f, 0x2a, 0x12 },   // $ 
            { 0x00, 0x62, 0x64, 0x08, 0x13, 0x23 },   // % 
            { 0x00, 0x36, 0x49, 0x55, 0x22, 0x50 },   // & 
            { 0x00, 0x00, 0x05, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00 },   // ' 
            { 0x00, 0x00, 0x1c, 0x22, 0x41, 0x00 },   // ( 
            { 0x00, 0x00, 0x41, 0x22, 0x1c, 0x00 },   // ) 
            { 0x00, 0x14, 0x08, 0x3e, 0x08, 0x14 },   // * 
            { 0x00, 0x08, 0x08, 0x3e, 0x08, 0x08 },   // + 
            { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xa0, 0x60, 0x00 },   // , 
            { 0x00, 0x08, 0x08, 0x08, 0x08, 0x08 },   // - 
            { 0x00, 0x00, 0x60, 0x60, 0x00, 0x00 },   // . 
            { 0x00, 0x20, 0x10, 0x08, 0x04, 0x02 },   // / 
            { 0x00, 0x3e, 0x51, 0x49, 0x45, 0x3e },   // 0 
            { 0x00, 0x00, 0x42, 0x7f, 0x40, 0x00 },   // 1 
            { 0x00, 0x42, 0x61, 0x51, 0x49, 0x46 },   // 2 
            { 0x00, 0x21, 0x41, 0x45, 0x4b, 0x31 },   // 3 
            { 0x00, 0x18, 0x14, 0x12, 0x7f, 0x10 },   // 4 
            { 0x00, 0x27, 0x45, 0x45, 0x45, 0x39 },   // 5 
            { 0x00, 0x3c, 0x4a, 0x49, 0x49, 0x30 },   // 6 
            { 0x00, 0x01, 0x71, 0x09, 0x05, 0x03 },   // 7 
            { 0x00, 0x36, 0x49, 0x49, 0x49, 0x36 },   // 8 
            { 0x00, 0x06, 0x49, 0x49, 0x29, 0x1e },   // 9 
            { 0x00, 0x00, 0x36, 0x36, 0x00, 0x00 },   // : 
            { 0x00, 0x00, 0x56, 0x36, 0x00, 0x00 },   // ; 
            { 0x00, 0x08, 0x14, 0x22, 0x41, 0x00 },   // <<SPAN class=apple-converted-space> 
            { 0x00, 0x14, 0x14, 0x14, 0x14, 0x14 },   // = 
            { 0x00, 0x00, 0x41, 0x22, 0x14, 0x08 },   // > 
            { 0x00, 0x02, 0x01, 0x51, 0x09, 0x06 },   // ? 
            { 0x00, 0x32, 0x49, 0x59, 0x51, 0x3e },   // @ 
            { 0x00, 0x7c, 0x12, 0x11, 0x12, 0x7c },   // a 
            { 0x00, 0x7f, 0x49, 0x49, 0x49, 0x36 },   // b 
            { 0x00, 0x3e, 0x41, 0x41, 0x41, 0x22 },   // c 
            { 0x00, 0x7f, 0x41, 0x41, 0x22, 0x1c },   // d 
            { 0x00, 0x7f, 0x49, 0x49, 0x49, 0x41 },   // e 
            { 0x00, 0x7f, 0x09, 0x09, 0x09, 0x01 },   // f 
            { 0x00, 0x3e, 0x41, 0x49, 0x49, 0x7a },   // g 
            { 0x00, 0x7f, 0x08, 0x08, 0x08, 0x7f },   // h 
            { 0x00, 0x00, 0x41, 0x7f, 0x41, 0x00 },   // i 
            { 0x00, 0x20, 0x40, 0x41, 0x3f, 0x01 },   // j 
            { 0x00, 0x7f, 0x08, 0x14, 0x22, 0x41 },   // k 
            { 0x00, 0x7f, 0x40, 0x40, 0x40, 0x40 },   // l 
            { 0x00, 0x7f, 0x02, 0x0c, 0x02, 0x7f },   // m 
            { 0x00, 0x7f, 0x04, 0x08, 0x10, 0x7f },   // n 
            { 0x00, 0x3e, 0x41, 0x41, 0x41, 0x3e },   // o 
            { 0x00, 0x7f, 0x09, 0x09, 0x09, 0x06 },   // p 
            { 0x00, 0x3e, 0x41, 0x51, 0x21, 0x5e },   // q 
            { 0x00, 0x7f, 0x09, 0x19, 0x29, 0x46 },   // r 
            { 0x00, 0x46, 0x49, 0x49, 0x49, 0x31 },   // s 
            { 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x7f, 0x01, 0x01 },   // t 
            { 0x00, 0x3f, 0x40, 0x40, 0x40, 0x3f },   // u 
            { 0x00, 0x1f, 0x20, 0x40, 0x20, 0x1f },   // v 
            { 0x00, 0x3f, 0x40, 0x38, 0x40, 0x3f },   // w 
            { 0x00, 0x63, 0x14, 0x08, 0x14, 0x63 },   // x 
            { 0x00, 0x07, 0x08, 0x70, 0x08, 0x07 },   // y 
            { 0x00, 0x61, 0x51, 0x49, 0x45, 0x43 },   // z 
            { 0x00, 0x00, 0x7f, 0x41, 0x41, 0x00 },   // [ 
            { 0x00, 0x55, 0x2a, 0x55, 0x2a, 0x55 },   // 55 
            { 0x00, 0x00, 0x41, 0x41, 0x7f, 0x00 },   // ] 
            { 0x00, 0x04, 0x02, 0x01, 0x02, 0x04 },   // ^ 
            { 0x00, 0x40, 0x40, 0x40, 0x40, 0x40 },   // _ 
            { 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x02, 0x04, 0x00 },   // ' 
            { 0x00, 0x20, 0x54, 0x54, 0x54, 0x78 },   // a 
            { 0x00, 0x7f, 0x48, 0x44, 0x44, 0x38 },   // b 
            { 0x00, 0x38, 0x44, 0x44, 0x44, 0x20 },   // c 
            { 0x00, 0x38, 0x44, 0x44, 0x48, 0x7f },   // d 
            { 0x00, 0x38, 0x54, 0x54, 0x54, 0x18 },   // e 
            { 0x00, 0x08, 0x7e, 0x09, 0x01, 0x02 },   // f 
            { 0x00, 0x18, 0xa4, 0xa4, 0xa4, 0x7c },   // g 
            { 0x00, 0x7f, 0x08, 0x04, 0x04, 0x78 },   // h 
            { 0x00, 0x00, 0x44, 0x7d, 0x40, 0x00 },   // i 
            { 0x00, 0x40, 0x80, 0x84, 0x7d, 0x00 },   // j 
            { 0x00, 0x7f, 0x10, 0x28, 0x44, 0x00 },   // k 
            { 0x00, 0x00, 0x41, 0x7f, 0x40, 0x00 },   // l 
            { 0x00, 0x7c, 0x04, 0x18, 0x04, 0x78 },   // m 
            { 0x00, 0x7c, 0x08, 0x04, 0x04, 0x78 },   // n 
            { 0x00, 0x38, 0x44, 0x44, 0x44, 0x38 },   // o 
            { 0x00, 0xfc, 0x24, 0x24, 0x24, 0x18 },   // p 
            { 0x00, 0x18, 0x24, 0x24, 0x18, 0xfc },   // q 
            { 0x00, 0x7c, 0x08, 0x04, 0x04, 0x08 },   // r 
            { 0x00, 0x48, 0x54, 0x54, 0x54, 0x20 },   // s 
            { 0x00, 0x04, 0x3f, 0x44, 0x40, 0x20 },   // t 
            { 0x00, 0x3c, 0x40, 0x40, 0x20, 0x7c },   // u 
            { 0x00, 0x1c, 0x20, 0x40, 0x20, 0x1c },   // v 
            { 0x00, 0x3c, 0x40, 0x30, 0x40, 0x3c },   // w 
            { 0x00, 0x44, 0x28, 0x10, 0x28, 0x44 },   // x 
            { 0x00, 0x1c, 0xa0, 0xa0, 0xa0, 0x7c },   // y 
            { 0x00, 0x44, 0x64, 0x54, 0x4c, 0x44 },   // z 
            { 0x14, 0x14, 0x14, 0x14, 0x14, 0x14 }    // horiz lines 
        }; 
          
        void lcd_init(void) 
        { 
            //先設置為輸出 
             pinmode(sclk,output); 
             pinmode(sdin,output);
             pinmode(lcd_dc,output); 
             pinmode(lcd_ce,output);
             pinmode(lcd_rst,output);
            
            // 產生一個讓lcd復位的低電平脈沖 
             digitalwrite( lcd_rst, low); 
            
             delaymicroseconds(1);
             digitalwrite( lcd_rst, high); 
             
            // 關閉lcd 
             digitalwrite( lcd_ce, low); 
             delaymicroseconds(1);
        
            // 使能lcd 
             digitalwrite( lcd_ce, high); //lcd_ce = 1; 
             delaymicroseconds(1); 
            lcd_write_byte(0x21, 0); // 使用擴展命令設置lcd模式 
            lcd_write_byte(0xc8, 0); // 設置偏置電壓 
            lcd_write_byte(0x06, 0); // 溫度校正 
            lcd_write_byte(0x13, 0); // 1:48 
            lcd_write_byte(0x20, 0); // 使用基本命令 
            lcd_clear();             // 清屏 
            lcd_write_byte(0x0c, 0); // 設定顯示模式,正常顯示 
                 
            // 關閉lcd 
           digitalwrite( lcd_ce, low);  //lcd_ce = 0; 
        } 
         
        void lcd_clear(void) 
        { 
            unsigned int i; 
            lcd_write_byte(0x0c, 0);  
            lcd_write_byte(0x80, 0); 
            for (i=0; i<504; i++) 
              { 
                lcd_write_byte(0, 1); 
              }    
        } 
        
        void lcd_set_xy(unsigned char x, unsigned char y) 
        { 
            lcd_write_byte(0x40 | y, 0);// column 
            lcd_write_byte(0x80 | x, 0);// row 
        } 
         
        void lcd_write_char(unsigned char c) 
        { 
            unsigned char line; 
            c -= 32; 
            for (line=0; line<6; line++) 
            { 
                lcd_write_byte(font6x8[c][line], 1); 
            } 
        } 
         
         
        void lcd_write_english_string(unsigned char x,unsigned char y,char *s) 
        { 
            lcd_set_xy(x,y); 
            while (*s)  
            { 
             lcd_write_char(*s); 
             s++; 
            } 
        } 
         
         
        void lcd_write_byte(unsigned char dat, unsigned char command) 
        { 
            unsigned char i; 
           digitalwrite( lcd_ce, low); // 使能lcd_ce = 0 
            if (command == 0) 
            { 
             digitalwrite( lcd_dc, low);// 傳送命令 lcd_dc = 0; 
            } 
            else 
            { 
              digitalwrite( lcd_dc, high);// 傳送數據lcd_dc = 1; 
            } 
        
          for(i=0;i<8;i++) 
          { 
             if(dat&0x80) 
             { 
                digitalwrite( sdin, high);//sdin = 1; 
             } 
            else 
            { 
             digitalwrite( sdin, low);//sdin = 0; 
             } 
           digitalwrite( sclk, low);//sclk = 0; 
           dat = dat << 1; 
           digitalwrite( sclk, high);//sclk = 1; 
          } 
            digitalwrite( lcd_ce, high);//lcd_ce = 1; 
                
        } 
         
                                 
        void lcd_write_chinese_string(unsigned char x, unsigned char y, 
                                      unsigned char ch_with,unsigned char num, 
                 unsigned char line,unsigned char row) 
        { 
            unsigned char i,n; 
            lcd_set_xy(x,y);                             //設置初始位置 
            for (i=0;i 
            { 
               for (n=0; n 
               {  
                   if (n==ch_with)                      //寫漢字的下半部分 
                   { 
                       if (i==0) lcd_set_xy(x,y+1); 
                       else 
            { 
                          lcd_set_xy((x+(ch_with+row)*i),y+1); 
            } 
                    } 
                   lcd_write_byte(hzk[line+i][n],1); 
               } 
               i++; 
               lcd_set_xy((x+(ch_with+row)*i),y); 
            } 
        } 
         
         
        void lcd_draw_bmp_pixel(unsigned char x,unsigned char y,unsigned char *map, 
                                unsigned char pix_x,unsigned char pix_y) 
        { 
            unsigned int i,n; 
            unsigned char row; 
            if (pix_y%8==0) 
        { 
             row=pix_y/8;      //計算位圖所占行數 
            } 
            else 
        { 
                row=pix_y/8+1; 
            } 
            for (n=0;n 
            { 
               lcd_set_xy(x,y); 
                for(i=0; i 
                  { 
                    lcd_write_byte(map[i+n*pix_x], 1); 
                  } 
                y++;                         //換行 
            }       
        } 
        
        
        void loop()
        {
           lcd_init();//初始化液晶     
           lcd_clear();//清屏 
          
        
           lcd_draw_bmp_pixel(30,0,boy_bmp,24,24);        //調入上面的圖像
           lcd_write_english_string(4,2,"----");          //寫入ascii字符
           lcd_write_english_string(55,2,"----"); 
           lcd_write_chinese_string(6,3,12,6,0,0);        //寫入中文字符
           lcd_write_english_string(20,5,"arduino");      
           delay(5000);
        
           lcd_clear();                                  //清屏 
        
           lcd_write_english_string(0,0," --arduino-- ");
           lcd_write_english_string(0,2,"renge:");
           
           lcd_write_english_string(0,4,"design by kent"); 
           lcd_write_english_string(0,5,"    2010.6    "); 
        
          //以下進入超聲波測距
        
           while(1)
          {
              digitalwrite(outputpin, low); // 使發出發出超聲波信號接口低電平2μs
              delaymicroseconds(2);
              digitalwrite(outputpin, high); // 使發出發出超聲波信號接口高電平10μs,這里是至少10μs
              delaymicroseconds(10);
              digitalwrite(outputpin, low);    // 保持發出超聲波信號接口低電平
              int distance = pulsein(inputpin, high);  // 讀出脈沖時間
              distance= distance/58;           // 將脈沖時間轉化為距離(單位:厘米)
                 if(distance>120)              //如果距離大于120cm
                {
              
                 lcd_write_english_string(35,2,"???"); //在(35, 2)坐標上顯示“???”
                }
                 else
                {
                  lcd_write_english_string(60,2,"cm");     //如果小于120cm
                  lcd_set_xy(35, 2);                       //在(35, 2)坐標上顯示測出數值
                  lcd_write_char( 0x30+distance00/100); //顯示百位數
                  lcd_write_char( 0x30+distance0/10);   //顯示十位數
                  lcd_write_char( 0x30+distance);       //顯示個位數
                }
        
          }
        
        
        }
        關閉窗口

        相關文章

        欧美性色欧美精品视频,99热这里只有精品mp4,日韩高清亚洲日韩精品一区二区,2020国自产拍精品高潮